Antiphospholipid Syndrome Disease Information

About Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disorder that is identified by the presence of antibodies in the bloodstream which are directed against phospholipids. These molecules are components of the outer layer of cells and the antibodies can cause blockage of the blood vessels, leading to a variety of medical issues such as stroke, heart attack, and issues with pregnancy. The origin of APS is unidentified, however it is believed to be linked to an autoimmune reaction. Those with APS may have a genetic inclination to the condition or it might be set off by certain medications, infections, or environmental factors. Diagnosing APS can be difficult as its symptoms are similar to those of other conditions. Blood tests are used to detect the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies and additional tests can be conducted to eliminate other causes of the symptoms. Treatment for APS usually includes anticoagulant medications to stop clotting of the blood vessels and changes to the lifestyle to reduce the possibility of complications. In some cases, surgery may be required to remove a clot or to mend damaged blood vessels. APS can be a serious condition, but with the right treatment and lifestyle modifications, those with the condition can have healthy and active lives.

Types Of Antiphospholipid Syndrome

  1. Primary Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS)
  2. Catastrophic Antiphospholipid Syndrome (CAPS)
  3. Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome (APS)
  4. Hughes Syndrome
  5. Anticardiolipin Syndrome
  6. Lupus Anticoagulant Syndrome
  7. Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP)
  8. Neonatal Lupus Syndrome
  9. Drug-Induced Antiphospholipid Syndrome (DIAPS)
  10. Asherson Syndrome

Symptoms Of Antiphospholipid Syndrome

  1. Unexplained recurrent miscarriages
  2. Unexplained thrombosis (blood clots) in veins and arteries
  3. Unexplained stroke
  4. Unexplained transient ischemic attack (TIA)
  5. Unexplained deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
  6. Unexplained pulmonary embolism (PE)
  7. Unexplained thrombocytopenia (low platelet count)
  8. Unexplained livedo reticularis (mottled skin)
  9. Unexplained heart valve problems
  10. Unexplained neurological symptoms
  11. Unexplained seizures
  12. Unexplained migraine headaches
  13. Unexplained rash
  14. Unexplained leg ulcers
  15. Unexplained abdominal pain
  16. Unexplained joint pain
  17. Unexplained hair loss
  18. Unexplained anemia
  19. Unexplained kidney problems

Diagnoses Of Antiphospholipid Syndrome

The diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is established through laboratory tests that search for antiphospholipid antibodies. Examples of these tests include lupus anticoagulant, anticardiolipin antibodies, and anti-β2 glycoprotein 1 antibodies. A diagnosis of APS is confirmed if two or more of these tests are positive, in addition to a medical record of thrombosis, repeated miscarriages, or other APS-related symptoms. Additional tests such as a full blood count or a liver function test may be carried out to exclude other potential causes of thrombosis or miscarriages.

What Antiphospholipid Syndrome Causes

Antiphospholipid Syndrome is an autoimmune disorder that can cause various health issues, such as blood clots, miscarriages, and stroke. It is triggered by the manufacture of antibodies that assault phospholipids, which are molecules vital for normal blood clotting.

How Antiphospholipid Syndrome Is Treated

Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS) is usually managed with anticoagulant drugs such as warfarin, heparin, or aspirin. These medicines are employed to decrease the likelihood of blood clots and other issues related to APS. Other treatments include corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). In certain cases, surgery may be needed to treat APS complications such as deep vein thrombosis. It is vital to consult a healthcare professional regularly to observe for any changes in symptoms or side effects.

How To Live With Antiphospholipid Syndrome And Self-help

Follow your doctor’s advice: Your doctor will be able to provide you with the best counsel on how to manage your antiphospholipid syndrome. This may include taking medication, avoiding certain activities, and making lifestyle changes. Take medicines as directed: If your doctor prescribes medication, take it as indicated. This may include blood thinners, such as aspirin and warfarin, or immunosuppressants. Steer clear of activities that can increase your risk of blood clots: This includes activities that involve extended sitting or standing, such as long flights or car trips, as well as strenuous exercise. Eat a nutritious diet: Eating a diet abundant in fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins can help reduce inflammation and enhance your overall health. Control stress: Stress can provoke flares of antiphospholipid syndrome, so it is essential to find ways to manage your stress levels. This may include yoga, meditation, or other relaxation techniques. Get regular exercise: Exercise can help reduce inflammation and improve your overall health. However, it is important to talk to your doctor before beginning any new exercise routine. Stay informed: Educate yourself about antiphospholipid syndrome, and stay up to date on the latest research and treatments. Reach out for help: Connect with other people living with antiphospholipid syndrome to share experiences and advice.