Asthma Disease Information

About Asthma

Asthma is a long-term respiratory disorder that affects the airways of the lungs, causing wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. It can be triggered by allergens, irritants, exercise, and other factors. Treatment for asthma usually involves inhaled medications, such as bronchodilators and corticosteroids, as well as other medicines to reduce inflammation and prevent attacks. People with asthma should also take steps to limit their exposure to triggers, such as avoiding tobacco smoke and other air pollutants. It is also important to have an action plan in place, which includes instructions on how to recognize and respond to an asthma attack. Proper management of asthma is essential for living a healthy, active life.

Types Of Asthma

  1. Allergic Asthma
  2. Exercise-Induced Asthma
  3. Cough-Variant Asthma
  4. Occupational Asthma
  5. Nocturnal Asthma
  6. Aspirin-Exacerbated Respiratory Disease (AERD)
  7. Steroid-Resistant Asthma
  8. Severe Asthma

Symptoms Of Asthma

  1. Shortness of breath
  2. Wheezing
  3. Coughing
  4. Chest tightness
  5. Difficulty sleeping due to shortness of breath, coughing, or wheezing
  6. Difficulty exercising due to shortness of breath
  7. Symptoms that are worse at night or during exercise
  8. Symptoms that are worse in cold air or after exposure to a trigger (such as pollen, dust, or smoke)
  9. A whistling or squeaky sound when breathing out (wheezing)
  10. Rapid breathing
  11. Fatigue
  12. Anxiety

Diagnoses Of Asthma

  1. Pulmonary function test
  2. Maximum air flow test
  3. Thoracic radiograph
  4. Sensitivity examinations
  5. Hematological examinations
  6. Respiratory capacity examinations
  7. Methacholine provocation test
  8. Physical exertion trial

What Asthma Causes

Asthma is a lasting lung disorder that causes irritation and constriction of the airways, which can make breathing difficult. Common signs are coughing, whistling, and breathlessness. Asthma can be activated by allergens, physical activity, cold air, tension, and other causes.

How Asthma Is Treated

Asthma is usually treated with a mixture of drugs and lifestyle modifications. Quick-relief medications, such as albuterol and ipratropium, and long-term control medications, such as inhaled corticosteroids and combination inhalers, are often used. Oral medications, such as prednisone, and monoclonal antibodies, like omalizumab, can also be prescribed. Allergy medications, including antihistamines, decongestants, and nasal corticosteroids, can help reduce symptoms caused by allergies. To help reduce asthma symptoms, one should avoid triggers, do regular exercise, practice relaxation techniques, eat a healthy diet, and use air filtration systems or air purifiers.

How To Live With Asthma And Self-help

  1. Explore as much as possible about asthma: Consult with your doctor regarding your asthma and any queries you have. Read books and websites about asthma to gain a better comprehension of the condition.
  2. Formulate an asthma action plan: Collaborate with your doctor to create an asthma action plan that explains what to do in the event of an asthma attack.
  3. Take your medications as directed: Follow the instructions on your medications and take them as recommended.
  4. Dodge triggers: Identify and dodge triggers that can worsen your asthma symptoms. Common triggers include dust, pollen, pet dander, smoke, and strong fragrances.
  5. Monitor your symptoms: Pay attention to your symptoms and keep track of when they occur.
  6. Exercise routinely: Exercise can help enhance your lung function and decrease asthma symptoms. Speak with your doctor before beginning any exercise program.
  7. Get immunized: Get immunized against the flu and pneumonia to reduce your risk of developing complications from these illnesses.
  8. Stay healthy: Eat a balanced diet, get enough sleep, and practice stress management techniques to remain healthy.