Breast Cancer Disease Information

About Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is a malady that grows in the cells of the breasts. It is the most common type of cancer among women, and the second most common cause of cancer death in women, after lung cancer. Though it can affect men, it is very uncommon. The cause of breast cancer is not known, however some risk factors have been identified. These include age, family history, lifestyle and some medical conditions. Women aged over 50, with a family history of breast cancer, and/or an unhealthy lifestyle are more prone to developing the disease. Early detection is essential in treating breast cancer. Regular mammograms and self-exams are important to spot any changes in the breasts. If a lump is found, a doctor will usually carry out a biopsy to see if it is cancerous. Treatment options depend on the type and stage of the cancer, but may include surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and/or hormone therapy. It is vital to be aware of the risks and symptoms of breast cancer, and to talk to a doctor if any changes in the breasts are noticed. With early detection and treatment, many individuals can survive and live a long life after a diagnosis of breast cancer.

Types Of Breast Cancer

  1. Ductal Carcinoma in Situ (DCIS)
  2. Lobular Carcinoma in Situ (LCIS)
  3. Inflammatory Breast Cancer
  4. Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC)
  5. Invasive Lobular Carcinoma (ILC)
  6. Mucinous Carcinoma
  7. Papillary Carcinoma
  8. Tubular Carcinoma
  9. Phyllodes Tumor
  10. Medullary Carcinoma
  11. Metaplastic Carcinoma
  12. Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma
  13. Angiosarcoma
  14. Inflammatory Carcinoma
  15. Paget's Disease of the Breast

Symptoms Of Breast Cancer

  1. A lump or thickening in or near the breast or in the underarm area
  2. A change in the size or shape of the breast
  3. A dimple or puckering in the skin of the breast
  4. A nipple that is turned inward into the breast
  5. A rash on or around the nipple
  6. Discharge from the nipple, especially if it is bloody
  7. Swelling of all or part of the breast
  8. Constant pain in the breast or armpit
  9. A change in the skin texture of the breast, areola, or nipple, such as an increase in pore size or skin flaking
  10. Unexplained swelling in the armpit or around the collarbone

Diagnoses Of Breast Cancer

There are multiple methods of diagnosing breast cancer, such as mammograms, ultrasounds, biopsies, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), and blood tests. A mammogram is an X-ray of the breast to search for signs of the disease. An ultrasound utilizes sound waves to make an image of the breast to look for tumors or other irregularities. A biopsy involves extracting a small piece of tissue from the breast to be examined under a microscope for cancer cells. An MRI uses magnetic fields and radio waves to generate in-depth pictures of the breast to detect any changes that may be warning signs of cancer. Lastly, blood tests measure specific proteins that can be indicative of breast cancer.

What Breast Cancer Causes

Breast cancer is caused by the irregular expansion of cells in the breast tissue. It may be due to genetic alterations, habits, and environmental factors. These mutations can lead to cells growing and dividing uncontrollably, leading to a tumor.

How Breast Cancer Is Treated

The type and stage of breast cancer, as well as the age, wellbeing, and wishes of the individual, all determine the treatment. Possible treatments may include surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapy, and/or immunotherapy. In some cases, a combination of treatments may be employed. Surgery is the most common treatment for breast cancer, and could include a lumpectomy, mastectomy, or lymph node dissection. Radiation therapy is usually used after surgery to eradicate any remaining cancer cells. Chemotherapy and hormone therapy may be used to destroy cancer cells that have spread beyond the breast. Targeted therapy and immunotherapy are newer treatments that are used to target specific cancer cells.

How To Live With Breast Cancer And Self-help

Take heed of yourself: Ensure you get enough rest, eat a nutritious diet, and exercise habitually. These activities will help you sustain your physical and mental well-being. Find Assistance: Link with other women who are coping with breast cancer. Support gatherings, online discussion boards, and social media can provide a secure space to express your emotions and encounters. Chat to Your Physician: Pose inquiries to your doctor and make sure you comprehend the answers. Inquire about treatment choices, symptoms, and approaches to manage the analysis. Remain Positive: Concentrate on the things that you can control. Make a list of things that make you feel great and do them each day. School Yourself: Learn however much as could reasonably be expected about breast cancer and your treatment choices. This can help you make educated decisions about your care. Perform Relaxation Techniques: Stress can intensify the physical and passionate impacts of breast cancer. Set aside effort each day to practice unwinding methods, for example, profound breathing, yoga, or reflection. Look for Professional Help: On the off chance that you are feeling overpowered or discouraged, don't hesitate to look for help. Talk to your doctor or an emotional wellness proficient about your sentiments.